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When should you go for IVF?

When should you go for IVF?

Jul 27, 2022

In the last few decades, there has been a rising demand for IVF as several couples face infertility problems. This has given rise to IVF. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of several techniques available to help people with fertility problems to have a baby.

There are many reasons for opting IVF:

  • Low Sperm count
  • Problems with Ovulation due to a condition like Polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Problems with fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis
  • To avoid the passing of genetic disorders to children

In such a case you can find a doctor who is a fertility specialist,the best IVF centre in India, or some public hospitals for treatment. You will need to weigh up the financial costs as well as the physical and emotional pressures involved. It is an expensive treatment, and it can be difficult. There is no guarantee of success.

IVF Process timeline
IVF process and its timeline can be different for individuals as no two cases are similar and may require a specialized approach. IVF process lasts between 2 to 6 weeks. One cycle of IVF can take about two to three weeks. More than one cycle may be needed. The IVF patient uses the first 3 weeks of the cycle to take birth control pills (contraceptives) orally to regulate her hormones and maintain healthy regular periods. After determining and full observation, the treatment is planned accordingly.

What are the stages of IVF?

Step 1: Preparing for IVF

For a customized IVF plan according to your situation, comprehensive laboratory tests are organized that reveal the overall health and complications. Some of the tests are:

  • Ultrasound
  • Blood panel tests
  • Screening for infectious disease.
  • Evaluating uterine lining
  • Sperm analysis and other male fertility tests

Step 2: Ovulation Suppression and developing eggs

The first part of IVF starts when the women start her menstrual cycle. During this phase, she starts taking birth control pills which regulate her menstrual cycle. On the 21st day, the women start taking an infertility injectable drug that she has to take for 10 days. This process helps in producing many matured follicles. The ovarian stimulation process lasts from 8 to 12 days.

As this is the most crucial phase considered the best IVF treatment in India.

Step 3: Preparing for egg retrieval

Mostly 36 hours before the egg retrieval the women receive a dose of HCG. This medication encourages the release of eggs from the follicles. It is referred to trigger shot. The most important are the timings of the shot where the eggs will release and it is extremely important to collect them before they leave the ovaries.

Step 4: Egg Retrieval

Egg retrieval is itself a surgical procedure that takes 30 minutes. The egg retrieval procedure should be scheduled before the woman receives the trigger shot ensuring synchronization. It is followed by the experts in the laboratory where the grading and testing allow the fertility clinic to know the exact number of healthy and viable eggs that they would be working with.

Step 5: IVF Fertilization process

Eggs are fertilized after they are retrieved. Usually, egg fertilization is done by introducing them to a dish containing sperm. There is also another way called ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection). In this, the semen sample is collected from the intended father and finds the most viable sperm. ICSI method is useful when there are sperm issues since only one healthy sperm is enough for fertilization.

Step 6: Creating the embryos for the IVF process

After the embryos are created, they are kept in the IVF laboratory for 3 to 6 days. Although on the 3rd-day embryos starts dividing, they have 6 to 8 cells. On the other hand, by day 5 to 6 embryos have about 80 to 120 cells. This procedure allows the doctors to select the best quality embryos and ensure the best results.

Step 7: Preparing the Uterus Lining

Women at this stage begin daily injections of progesterone the day following the egg retrieval. The progesterone nourishes the uterus lining and prepares it for introducing the embryos into the body. The women continue to take the supplement for 14 to 21 days after the embryo transfer.

Step 8: Embryo transferring

It takes about 3 to 6 days after embryo transfer. It is a simple process done at the doctor’s clinic which takes around 15 to 20 minutes. In this procedure, the doctor will introduce a small catheter into the womb via the cervix. The embryo is transferred directly into the uterus for implantation.

Step 9: Taking the Pregnancy Test

The women take a pregnancy test 11 to 14 days after the embryo transfer. 
If you have more query regarding the IVF process, consult the best infertility clinic in India.